Surat is the second largest city in Gujarat. Recent numbers show that the population is over 3 million. The
developing city is located on the southwest coast of
Gujarat. Because of its location, Surat has historically been a
center of trade and industry. Surat is surrounded by numerous villages. These
villagers often are of variable tribal classes. As Surat is the largest city
to these villages, many villagers migrate from Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya
Pradesh and other states in search of work. Because of such migration, Surat poses a linguistic
issue similar to Mumbai. One
can hear dialects of Gujarati, Hindi, and Marathi while walking down the street.
the cities throughout the slums of India have small clusters of huts located around a
center. Surat, however, poses different, long stretches of
housing. According to some sources, 29% of the population of Surat (i.e.
about .9 million inhabitants) lives in slums. There are 289 recognized
slum pockets distributed across the city with 265 municipal schools with a total
student enrolment of 150,000.
Fortunately for the
Surat population, the Surat Municipal Corporation plays a more active role than
most municipal corporations in India. Since the destructive plague in Surat in
1994, the corporation has stepped up its role in maintaining a clean and safe
environment. As the environment improved, analysts saw the health of the people
improve. The corporation also ensures the proper functioning of
hospitals throughout the area. One of these hospitals is the New Civil
Hospital of Surat. The hospital has 1,050 beds and can support 1,500 patients.
About 60-70 new in-patients are registered daily.
of Surat, like those throughout India, contribute to the diversity and amazement
of India. In the people of India lies the true wealth of the
country. It is with these people that MedicIndia hopes to involve you.